The exclusionary rule is meant to protect the rights of an individual. These laws safeguard the rights of an individual from unauthorized seizures and searches even if it is in the name of justice. The exclusionary law is a very important aspect of the judicial system. The norms of the law are based on the Fourth Amendment of the constitutional laws of United States of America. This article will let you know more about various aspects of the Exclusionary law.
What is 4th Amendment?
Fourth Amendment of the Constitutional law of America , is mainly intended to safeguard the privacy of an individual. “Protection from unauthorized seizures” is a common phrase used to describe the law.
More on the actual scenario
The concept can be better understood with the help of an example. Imagine an individual was charged for an act of theft. The police officials can initiate the investigation formalities by questioning the man who is involved in the “theft”. The police can also search the residence of the individual in order to produce evidences that can support the theft. The search can be done with a valid search warrant. The search done without a warrant is however against the law and the officials involved in this act may land themselves in trouble by pursuing it. This is clearly mentioned in the Fourth Amendment . The officials are supposed to give a valid reason in order to attain a search warrant. These reasons, according to the law books are termed as “probable cause”. It is often submitted by the police officer who investigates the case.
On rare occasions a search warrant is issued based on credible information of an eye-witness or an informer. The search can also become illegal in many other circumstances. Usually the search warrant contains the exact location of where it has to be performed. The officials cannot charge an individual if the contraband was not found from the specified area mentioned in the warrant. The seizure of any physical evidence in this manner is against the law.
Define Exclusionary rule
An individual can file a petition against the unauthorized seizure of his/her personal belongings. At the time of trial the court goes through the entire investigation and checks whether a breach of law has occurred or not. The court can suspend the act of seizure with immediate effect, if its found that the act was against the exclusionary rule. In legal terms this act is referred to as “suppression of evidence”.
One cannot define exclusionary rule without going through judgments that have implied the same. So, students of law are advised to go through recent judgements to witness the application of the same.